producers or US-based designers. For example, China ma

akes less than $9 from each iPhone. The total price of a phone is ridiculously counted as a Chinese export to the US.

It’s a good thing that China is no longer a low-wage country. Most Chinese are much better off than they were even 10 ye

ars ago. But it does mean that these low-skilled, labor-intensive industries will be moving to less-developed nations. US t

ariffs on such products will only serve to hasten the transition to higher value-added industries that China has to make anyway.

Roughly 20 years ago, when China’s admission to the World Trade Organiz

ation was being negotiated, China’s economy was tiny as a portion of world GDP. It was clearly a poor, less-deve

loped country that, except in a few areas, was not able to compete with Western companies in high-value-added products.

As Alexander Hamilton, the first US Treasury secretary, argued, a dev

eloping country may need to protect its “infant industries” from already established foreign

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The traditional family model of the man bringing hom

the bacon and the woman looking after the family doesn’t seem to have changed much eve

n today. As a result, Chinese mothers still shoulder most of the responsibilities of raising kids.

In the absence of fathers, mothers are more likely to pay greater attention to their kids and their

education. This could not only prevent the children from learning life skills, but also make them bur

dens for their mothers. And the greater the burden they become, the more their mothers would be stressed out.

Yet such anxiety could be easily shared by, if not transferred to, other family members. A highly emotional yet anxious moth

er is more likely to make a wrong decision about her child’s education, which in turn could have a negative imp

act not only on the child’s healthy growth but also the health of the mother and the husband-wife relationship.

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Government pledges more red tape cuts of items requiri

China will further cut the number of items requiring certificatio

n and refine the procedures through institutional inno

vation to improve government services and foster a more enabling business environment.

The decision was made at the State Council’s executive meeting, chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on Sunday.

Participants at the meeting agreed that the government’s efforts in recent years to repeal unwarranted certification requ

irements and deepen the reform of government functions have produced notable results.

“These are crucial steps benefiting both companies and individuals

,” Li said. “At a time when the economy still faces uncertainties, removing these unjustified cer

tification requirements will help boost market vitality and improve the business environment.”

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hina’s growth a source of hope for allong proclaimi

With Chairman Mao Zedong proclaiming the founding of the People’s Republic of China on

Oct 1, 1949, the Chinese people began leaving behind a century of colonial humiliation and building a new life.

What remains poorly understood by the wider world even seven decades later is how dire were

the conditions in China during those days. While China sustained its triumph, Chinese people’s living stan

dard 70 years ago was barely 5 percent relative to their counterparts in the United States.

It was a dire starting point.

Transitions that raised China’s living standard

In the late 1970s, Deng Xiaoping introduced “reform and opening-up” policies

and established special economic zones, which ultimately facilitated China’s entry int

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Medical experts said bills for patients requiring 29

of the 55 rare disease medicines available on the Chinese mainland

have been partly or fully covered by the country’s medical insurance system.

The average medical bill for rare disease patients is 200,000 yuan ($

29,700) a year and more than 40 percent of patients have received no medical tre

atment due to the high prices, according to Li Linkang, China Alliance of Rate Diseases executive director.

Biogen, the United Sates-based pharmaceutical compa

ny that developed the drug, said that it is talking to the C

hinese government, the medical and patient communities, and charitable orga

nizations in a bid to establish a co-payment system to make the drug available to more patients.

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Govt plans slew of policies to boost consumption

A slew of new policies aimed at encouraging consumption

in key sectors will be unveiled soon, China Securities Journal reported.

China’s retail sales of consumer goods rose 8.3 pe

rcent year-on-year to 9.78 trillion yuan ($1.46 trillion) in the January-M

arch period, according to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). In March alone, retail sales went up 8.7 pe

rcent to 3.17 trillion yuan, quickening from the 8.2-percent rise seen in the first two months.

In recent years, the government has, on the one hand, frequently intro

duced policies to promote opening-up, increase import and improve consumer welfare. On

the other hand, it has reduced and scrapped import tariffs on some consumer goo

ds. This has played an active role in consumption, Lian Ping, chief economist at Bank of Comm

unication said, adding that consumption still is the key driver for economic growth.

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A large number of Chinese cultural heritage sites are b

eing restored as well. We have no room for even the slightest error,” Song said.

Liu Qingzhu, a cultural heritage expert at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said, “In anci

ent times, thunderstorms were the biggest threats for wooden architecture. They became much safer after l

ighting rods were widely installed. However, the use of electricity in restorations has created a new problem.”

Unlike the stone structures of much ancient architecture in the W

est, wood was the primary building material in ancient China. “If a fire similar to the one at Notre

Dame in Paris happened at a Chinese building, the whole building would probably burn down,” Liu said.

Hours after the fire in Paris, the Palace Museum in

Beijing, China’s former imperial palace from 1420 to 1911 and also known as the Forbidden City, held an eme

rgency meeting to go over its fire-prevention efforts. It is the world’s biggest architectural complex made of wood.

7893391.cn

Rice project benefits nations in Asia, Africa

Chinese scientist says resilient varieties boost harvests, minimize use of fertilizers

A decadelong agricultural project spearheaded by Chinese scientists has helped alleviate poverty for more than 1.6 million f

arming households in 18 Asian and African countries through cultivation of high-yield and resilient rice strains.

The Green Super Rice project, led by the Chinese Academy of Agric

ultural Sciences, has generated 78 rice varieties that boast an average 20 percent increase in har

vest per hectare while minimizing the use of fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation, said Li Zhikang, a professor and

researcher of rice breeding at the academy and a leading member of the project, on Tuesday.

The total area planted with the varieties in participating countries h

ad expanded to 6.12 million hectares by the end of last year, including around 3.4 million hect

ares in the Philippines, 1.3 million hectares in India and 1.1 million hectares in Vietnam, he said.

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be slashed to 13 percent; the rate in the transportation

 construction, and other industries will be lowered from 10 to 9 percent, while the lowest bracket rate will remain unchanged at 6 percent.

In order to reduce tax burdens for all industries, the government also adopted supporting

measures, such as increased tax deductions for producer and consumer services.

Gao Peiyong, vice-president of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told China Securities Journal that VAT reduction

will trigger a domino effect through deduction mechanism, ultimately benefiting economic and social development.

The first day of rate reduction saw industries involved in oil,

electricity, natural gas, iPhones and automobiles all cutting their price.

According to data compiled by Chinanews, the maximum retail prices of gasoline and diesel fell 225 ($33.49) and 200 yuan

per ton, respectively; railway sector dropped or canceled some freight fees, expecting to give up 6 billion yuan to enterprises.

Prices for iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max declined as much as 500 yuan,

and iPhone XR, iPhone 8 and iPhone 7 also had their price fall by 300 yuan.

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Taxpayers whose main business is postal services, telecom

postal services, telecommunications, modern services or consu

mer services will receive 10 percent additional input VAT deduction before the end of 2021.

An increase in the overpaid VAT following this round of tax cuts will be refunded.

“The planned VAT cuts must be delivered as soon as possible,” Li said.

“Their implementation must be closely monitored to ensure that tax burdens are meaningfully reduced

in the major industries and lowered to various extents in some industries. All industries will see their taxes go down, not up.

“In case of an increased tax burden due to inadequate deducti

ons in certain individual industries, the government will work out targeted solutions,” he added.

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