Having watched and researched the Belt and Road

tiative for a very long time, Astle has identified many opportunities provided by the BRI and

some great projects are already successfully being implemented with Chinese partners.

The world’s only medicine treating spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is entering the Chinese market, it was announced Sunday.

The drug is registered under the name Spinraza in the United States and European Union.

Available in more than 40 countries and regions, Spinraza is expected to bring new

hope for those who living with SMA, a genetic disorder that affects muscle control, in China.

SMA affects between one in 6,000 and one in 10,000 in China, a

nd about 95 percent of the patients die 18 months after birth, doctors said.

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Before the drug was available on the Chinese mai

nland, there was little effective therapy for the disease, and patients depended mainly on treat

ment such as respiratory and nutrition supports, said Xiong Hui, Beijing Medical Association rare disease c

ommittee member and Peking University First Hospital deputy director of pediatrics.

Spinraza debuted on the Chinese mainland having been fast-tracked through the marke

t approval process for rare disease drugs, which, available overseas since July, are urgently needed in China.

The drug began the approval process in September and was issued a license in February.

Premier Li Keqiang said in February that the government will step up efforts to gua

rantee more than 20 million rare disease patients have access to required medication.

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Medical experts said bills for patients requiring 29

of the 55 rare disease medicines available on the Chinese mainland

have been partly or fully covered by the country’s medical insurance system.

The average medical bill for rare disease patients is 200,000 yuan ($

29,700) a year and more than 40 percent of patients have received no medical tre

atment due to the high prices, according to Li Linkang, China Alliance of Rate Diseases executive director.

Biogen, the United Sates-based pharmaceutical compa

ny that developed the drug, said that it is talking to the C

hinese government, the medical and patient communities, and charitable orga

nizations in a bid to establish a co-payment system to make the drug available to more patients.

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The prize includes two categories, theory and experiment

The 2018 laureates for theory are Juan Ignacio Cirac, David Deutsch, Peter Shor and Peter Zoller,

for their seminal theoretical work on quantum algorithms and physical architectures of quantum com

puters and simulators, while the experimental category prizes went to Rainer Blatt and David Wineland for pio

neering experiments that demonstrated fundamental elements of quantum computing with trapped ions.

The 2019 prizes were awarded to Charles Bennett, Gilles Brassard, Artur Ekert and Stephen Wiesner in the theory category for th

eir work on quantum cryptography, and experimental prizes went to Pan Jianwei and Anton Zeilinger for their grou

ndbreaking experiments that enabled practically secure and large-scale quantum communications.

The awards ceremony will be held on Sept 20, Luo said.

USTC has been leading the world’s quantum information science and techno

ogy development in recent years, with Pan’s team attracting enormous attention from home and abroad.

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Xi said China’s moves to boost opening-up follow from

 an independent choice based on the objective need of the country’s reform and development.

This is helpful in promoting high-quality growth, meeting the people’s need

s for a better life and promoting peace, stability and development of the world, he said.

China also hopes that other countries will create a good investment environment, treat Chinese enterpris

es, students and scholars equally and create a friendly environment for their normal international exchange activities, Xi said.

Xi pledged to take stronger measures to promote international cooperation in protecting intellectual pro

perty, which he said is not only crucial to protecting the legal rights of companies but also to promoting high-quality growth.

China will enhance policy coordination with the world’s major economic entities and j

ointly promote the robust, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth of the global economy, he said

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Production and sales of these firms picked up in Mar

with the aggregated industrial value added expanding by 8.5 percent year-on-year, 3.2 percentage points

higher than that in the January-February period.

Operation revenue jumped by 13.7 percent year-on-year i

n March, 10.4 percentage points more than that in the January-February period.

Stabilizing prices served as another driver of the rebound, according to an NBS analy

sis. The producer prices rose 0.4 percent year-on-year in March, ending a decline for eight months in a row.

The purchasing prices for raw materials edged up 0.2 percent from a ye

ar ago, 0.1 percentage points higher than that in the January-February period.

Preliminary estimates showed that the price changes added 26.8 billion yuan to industrial profits in March, and the cont

ribution of price changes to industrial profit growth rose by 4.5 percentage points from that in the Ja

nuary-February period, said senior statistician Zhu Hong from the NBS’s Industrial Bureau.

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One dead, three injured in California synagogue shooting

One person died and three were injured at a synagogue shooting in San

Diego, California, on Saturday, San Diego County authorities confirmed.

A man has been detained for questioning in connection with the shootin

g at the Chabad of Poway synagogue, said San Diego County Sheriff’s Department.

Deputies from the Poway station were called to Chabad Way, where the synagogue is located, just before 11:30 am.

Multiple law enforcement sources told local media that four people were shot.

Poway Mayor Steve Vaus told media that the facility was targeted because it was a place for the Jewish community to gather.

“I understand that this was someone with hate in their heart, hate for the Jewish community,” he said of the shooter.

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ent Xi Jinping speaks at the opening ceremony of the

hina will increase imports of goods and services on a larger scale. China will further lower its tariff rates.

China not to adopt beggar-thy-neighbor currency devaluation

China will continue to improve the exchange rate formation mechanism of its curren

cy, the renminbi, and keep the exchange rate generally stable on a reasonable and balanced level.

China establishes mechanism for fulfilling international agreements

China attaches great importance to the establishment of a constrain

t mechanism for the fulfillment and implementation of international agreements, and the modi

fication and improvement of laws and regulations in accordance with the need of further opening-up.

Fair treatment to Chinese enterprises, students, scholars abroad called for

All countries should create a sound investment environment, and treat Chinese e

nterprises, students and scholars abroad as equals. All countries should provide a fair and friendly envir

onment for them to carry out normal international exchanges and cooperation.

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Leveraging private funds prioritized in BRI projects

China’s financial minister and central bank governor vowed to strengthe

n debt management and leverage more private funds for infrastructure construction un

der the Belt and Road Initiative, suggesting a new framework to assess debt risks for partner countries on Thursday.

The Ministry of Finance published a debt-sustainability analysis framework for the BRI’s participating economies at the start of t

he Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, a three-day event in Beijing.

Financial institutions of China and other BRI economies are encouraged to use the “nonmandatory” policy t

ool for rating debt risk before making lending decisions. The analysis method is based on in

ternational standards provided by the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, according to the ministry.

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China looks to strike a balance between meeting finan

ancing needs, sustainable development and debt sustainability, according to Finance Minister Liu Kun.

“We will build a high-standard and high-quality financing system to s

upport long-term and sustainable BRI investment while preventing debt risks,” Liu said.

He suggested promoting financing cooperation for projects in

third-party countries, equity investment and attracting more private funding.

Enhancing debt and risk management is a key consideration for deepening BRI financi

ng cooperation, said Yi Gang, governor of the People’s Bank of China, the central bank.

“The debt issue in developing countries should be treated objective

ly. If debt growth is accompanied by infrastructure improvement, enhancement of people’s liveliho

ods and productivity and poverty reduction, it will be beneficial for the sustainability of long-term debt,” Yi said.

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